A Research and Documents Database

2005 National Ambulatory Care Survey- an excellent synopsis of the CDC report prepared by Dr. James Augustine

Recent articles and documents, along with links to relevant web-sites are provided and encouraged.


  • Blackwell, MD, Bosse, MD, Use of an Innovative Design Mobile Hospital in Medical Response to Hurricane Katrina, Annals of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 49, No. 5, pp. 580-587, May 2007
  • McConnell, John, et.al, (2007) Effect of Increased ICU Capacity on Emergency Department Length of Stay and Ambulance Diversion., Annals of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 45, Issue 5, pp. 471-476
  • Jan Greene, Sending Low –Acuity Patients Away from the ED:Closing the Door or Stemming the Tide?, Annals of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 49, No. 3, March 2007, pp. 317-319.
  • Huddy, Jon, Emergency Department Design, American College of Emergency Physicians, Chicago, 2002
  • Matthew Mitchell,Are Ambulances and Patient Transport Services delivering more than patients to and from hospitals?, Ambulance UK Magazine.
  • Facilities Guideline Institute, Guidelines for Design and Construction of Hospital and Health Care Facilities, 2006 Edition, Washington, DC, The American Institute of Architects
  • Future of Emergency Care:Hospital Based Emergency Care, The Institute of Medicine, The National Academies Press, 2007 http://www.nap.edu/nap_emails/2007/035/
  • Zilm, Frank; Lennon, James, New Directions in Emergency Facilities Design, Health Facilities Management, June 2003
  • Zilm, Frank,Estimating Emergency Service Treatment Bed Needs,” The Journal of Ambulatory Care Management May 2004

Useful Web Sites

Other Resources

Harvard Graduate School of Design Summer Program http://www.gsd.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/exec_ed/details.cgi?offering_id=101252

Attached Files
These files are attached to this page. Please click on the "file" tab at the bottom of this window to review and download files.

  • Pandemic and sprecial risk patients article - Frank Zilm
  • Rethinking the ED - Jeff Horty
  • Rethinking the E.R. - The Architect Magazine
  • Freestanding ED - Timmothy Spence and Richard Beale
  • Planning a Better ED - Greg Wieland
  • ED Innovation - Frank Zilm and Jim Lennon
  • Estimating Treatment Beds Needs - Zilm
  • Swedish Freestanding ED - Janet Faulkner
  • Hosital Slash Emergency Room Times - East Bay Business Journal
  • Avian Flu ER Planning - Health Facilities Management
  • ED Overcrowding Give Ambulances the Run Around - Mike MItka
  • SARS Assessment Unit - Tim Rutledge
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